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acronyms
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Acronyms & Glossary
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A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U
V | W | X | Y | Z

g/dL micrograms per deciliter
g/g micrograms per gram
g/L micrograms per liter
135TNB 1,3,5-trinitrobenzene
13DNB 1,3-dinitrobenzene
2,4-D 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid
246TNT 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene
24DNT 2,4-dinitrotoluene
26DNT 2,6-dinitrotoluene
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A
ACD Air Curtain Destructor
acetone a compound used in propellant manufacture
Acid Wastewater Lagoon SWMU 6
ACM asbestos-containing material
ACO Administrative Contracting Officer
Activated Carbon Disposal Area SWMU 53
Air Curtain Destructor and Open Burning Ground SWMU 17
Alliant Ammunition and Powder Company, L.L.C.
the operation contractor for RFAAP. Alliant Ammunition and Powder Company, L.L.C. is a division of Alliant Techsystems (ATK), Inc.
AOP ammonia oxidation process
Area A Nitrocellulose Line A-Rainwater Ditch
Area F Former Drum Storage Area
Area O Underground Fuel Oil Spill
Area P Battery Storage Area
Area Q CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
argillaceous containing clay or clay minerals, clayey
AST aboveground storage tank
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B
Battery Storage Area Area P
bgs below ground surface
Bio-Plant Basin SWMU 10
Blacksburg, Virginia located approximately 10 miles east of Radford, Virginia
Bottom Ash Pile SWMU 59
BRA baseline risk assessment
Braddock Loam one of four major soil types occurring in all the areas of concern of the Main Section of RFAAP, it underlies 14 SWMUs located in the interior region of the Horseshoe Area
breccia rock consisting of sharp fragments embedded in a fine-grained matrix
BTAG Biological Technical Assistance Group
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C
CaCO3 calcium carbonate
CAMBL Continuous Automated Multi-Base Line
CASBL Continuous Automated Single-Base Line
CaSO4 Drying Bed SWMU 36
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
Area Q
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 27
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 35
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 37
CaSO4Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 38
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 50
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 8
CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area SWMU 9
CaSO4 calcium sulfate
CENAB U.S. Corps of Engineers North Atlantic, Baltimore District
CERCLA Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act
Chromic Acid Treatment Tanks SWMU 68
CIL Canadian Industries, Limited
Closed Sanitary Landfill SWMU 28
Closed Sanitary Landfill SWMU 52
cm/sec centimeters per second
CMS Corrective Measures Study
COC chemical of concern
COE U.S. Corps of Engineers
cryolite potassium aluminum fluoride
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D
DCA 1,1-dichloroethane
DERP Defense Environmental Restoration Program
di-n-butyl phthalate an inert, gelatinizing agent used in propellant manufacture to improve physical and processing characteristics, including decreasing the propellant ignitability
diphenylamine a principal stabilizer for nitrocellulose
dolomite CaMg(C03)2, a compact limestone
dolostone a sedimentary carbonate rock composed of the mineral dolomite, which differs from limestone in not reacting as vigorously to hydrochloric acid
DSERTS Defense Site Environmental Restoration Tracking System
dye trace study a study to identify groundwater flow paths
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E
Elbrook Formation a geologic formation underlying most of RFAAP, characterized by Cambrian-aged carbonates and clastic rocks
EM electromagnetic
EP
extraction procedure
ethyl centralite stabilizer for nitrocellulose
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F
FAL Fly Ash Landfill
Finishing Pond Facility, Chromic SWMU 69
Flash Burn Parts Area SWMU 71
Fly Ash Landfill #1 SWMU 26
Fly Ash Landfill #2 SWMU 29
FLFA Former Lead Furnace Area
Former Drum Storage Area Area F
FS Feasibility Study
ft/day feet per day
ft/ft feet per foot
ft/yr feet per year
FWS U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
FY Fiscal Year
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G
Geoprobe trade name for a truck-mounted drilling unit designed to advance surface and subsurface soil borings
GOCO government-owned, contractor-operated
GPR ground-penetrating radar
GQA groundwater quality assessment
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H
HBN health-based number
HCOC hazardous constituent of concern
HMX Her Majesty’s Explosive, a colorless solid used in various kinds of explosives and rocket fuels; also known as cyclotetramethylenitetranitramine
Horseshoe Area Part of the Main Manufacturing Area
HWMU hazardous waste management unit, any building, structure, or site that has been used for the treatment, storage, or disposal of hazardous waste at any time. 
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I
ICF KE ICF Kaiser Engineers, a contractor used by RFAAP
IDW Investigative-Derived Waste
Inert Landfill #1 SWMU 32
Inert Landfill #3 SWMU 74
IRA Interim Remedial Action
IRDMIS Installation Restoration Data Management Information System
IRP Installation Restoration Program
ISP Incinerator Spray Pond
IT The IT Group, a contractor used by RFAAP
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K
karst geology consisting of sinkholes, caverns, and caves
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L
Landfill #3 SWMU 45
Landfill in Nitro Area SWMU 40
LAP Load, Assemble and Pack
LOEL lowest-observed-effect-level
LTM Long-Term Monitoring
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M  
Max Meadows Breccia a geologic rock unit abundant in the southeastern region of the Horseshoe Area
MCA Military Construction Army
McCrady/Price Formation a geologic formation underlying the eastern border of RFAAP, characterized by Mississippian-aged shales and mudstones
MCL maximum contaminant level, the maximum permissible level of a contaminant in water that is delivered to any user of a public water system
methyl centralite stabilizer for nitrocellulose
mg/kg milligrams per kilogram
mgd million gallons per day
MMA Main Manufacturing Area, one of the two installation areas, which includes the Horseshoe Area
Mobile Waste Oil Tanks SWMU 61
msl mean sea level
MTBE methyl tert-butyl ether, an oygenate compound blended in gasoline as an octane enhancer
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N
NAC nitric acid concentration
NC Nitrocellulose
ND not detected
NE not evaluated
New River a river that flows through the MMA of RFAAP and forms the Horseshoe Area
NFA No Further Action
NG nitroglycerin
nitrated glycols an energetic plasticizer used in propellant manufacture
Nitrocellulose Line A-Rainwater Ditch Area A
nitroglycerin an energetic plasticizer used in propellant manufacture
N-nitrosodiphenylamine a principal stabilizer for nitrocellulose
NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
NQLs nominal quantification limits
NROW New River Ordnance Works
NRU New River Unit, one of the two installation areas, which is located about one mile north of Claytor Lake
nt not tested
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O
Oakite an acidic rust stripper consisting of phosphoric acid and butyl cellosolve
OB Open Burn
Oily Water Burial Area SWMU 48
O&M operation and maintenance
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
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P
PA Preliminary Assessment
PAH polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon
PCB polychlorinated biphenyl
PFWWTP Peppers Ferry Wastewater Treatment Plant
phenanthrene a polynuclear aromatic compound generally associated with petroleum products
POL Petroleum, Oil and Lubricants
Pond By Buildings 4931/4932 SWMU 57
potassium aluminum fluoride cryolite
potassium nitrate an alkali metal salt used as a flash reducer in propellant manufacture
potassium sulfate an alkali metal salt used as a flash reducer in propellant manufacture
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
PQL Practical Quantitation Limit
Propellant Burial SWMU 46
Propellant Burning Ash Disposal Area SWMU 54
psi pounds per square inch
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Q
QA/QC quality assurance/quality control
QC quality control
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R
RA Remedial Action
RA (C) Remedial Action-Construction
RA (O) Remedial Action-Operation
RAB Restoration Advisory Board
Radford, Virginia location of RFAAP, approximately 10 miles west of Blacksburg, Virginia, and 47 miles southwest of Roanoke, Virginia
RBC risk-based concentration
RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RD Remedial Design
RDX Royal Dutch Explosive, a white powder used as an explosive and in combination with other ingredients in explosives; also known as cyclonite
Red Water Ash Burial Ground SWMU 41
red water a waste product generated during TNT production that includes alpha-, beta-, and gamma-TNT isomers and TNT sodium disulfates
Redwater Ash Burial #2 SWMU 49
REM Removal
RFAAP Radford Army Ammunition Plant
RFA RCRA Facility Assessment
RfD reference dose
RFI RCRA Facility Investigation
RI remedial investigation
RIP Remedy In Place
ROD Record of Decision
ROW Radford Ordnance Works
RQD rock quality density
RRSE Relative Risk Site Evaluation
Rubble Pile SWMU 58
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S
SAC sulfuric acid concentration
Sanitary Landfill #2 SWMU 43
saprolite soft, disintegrated, usually more or less decomposed rock remaining in its original place
SAR sulfuric acid regeneration
SARA Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act
SCS Soil Conservation Service
sellite sodium sulfite
SO3 sulfur trioxide
soda ash sodium carbonate
SOP standard operating procedure
SSL soil screening level
Stroubles Creek largest local tributary of the New River, it flows through the southeast sector of RFAAP
SVOC semivolatile organic compound
SWMU solid waste management unit, any building, structure, or site that has been used for the treatment, storage, or disposal of solid waste at any time. These units include storage tanks, dumpsters, waste piles, drain fields, waste treatment units, and surface impoundments.
SWMU 10 Bio-Plant Basin
SWMU 13 Waste Propellant Burning Ground
SWMU 17 Air Curtain Destructor and Open Burning Ground
SWMU 26 Fly Ash Landfill #1
SWMU 27 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
SWMU 28 Closed Sanitary Landfill
SWMU 29 Fly Ash Landfill #2
SWMU 32 Inert Landfill #1
SWMU 35 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
SWMU 36 CaSO4 Drying Bed
SWMU 37 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
SWMU 38 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
SWMU 39 Wastewater Ponds From Propellant Incinerator
SWMU 40 Landfill in Nitro Area
SWMU 41 Red Water Ash Burial Ground
SWMU 43 Sanitary Landfill #2
SWMU 45 Landfill #3
SWMU 46 Propellant Burial
SWMU 48 Oily Water Burial Area
SWMU 49 Redwater Ash Burial #2
SWMU 50 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
SWMU 51 TNT Waste Acid Neutralization Pits
SWMU 52 Closed Sanitary Landfill
SWMU 53 Activated Carbon Disposal Area
SWMU 54 Propellant Burning Ash Disposal Area
SWMU 57 Pond By Buildings 4931/4932
SWMU 58 Rubble Pile
SWMU 59 Bottom Ash Pile
SWMU 61 Mobile Waste Oil Tanks
SWMU 68 Chromic Acid Treatment Tanks
SWMU 69 Finishing Pond Facility, Chromic
SWMU 6 Acid Wastewater Lagoon
SWMU 71 Flash Burn Parts Area
SWMU 74 Inert Landfill #3
SWMU 76 Waste Oil Underground Storage Tanks (South of Oleum Plant)
SWMU 8 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
SWMU 9 CaSO4 Treatment/Disposal Area
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T
TAL target analyte list
TCE trichloroethylene
TCL target compound list
TCLP Toxicity Characteristic Leachate Procedure
TETRYL 2,4,6-trinitrophenylmethylnitramine, an intermediary detonating agent for less sensitive high explosives and as a booster charge in certain military munitions, its use was discontinued in the United States in 1979
TIC tentatively identified compound
TKN total kjeldahl nitrogen
TNT trinitrotoluene
TNT Waste Acid Neutralization Pits SWMU 51
TOC total organic carbon
TOX total organic halogen
TPH total petroleum hydrocarbon
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U
UBK uptake biokinetic
Underground Fuel Oil Spill Area O
Unison-Urban Land Complex one of four major soil types occurring in all the areas of concern of the Main Section of RFAAP, it underlies most of the Manufacturing Area
USACE U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
USACHPPM U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine
USAEC U.S. Army Environmental Center
USAEHA U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency (replaced by USACHPPM)
USATHAMA U.S. Army Toxic and Hazardous Materials Agency (replaced by USAEC)
USCS Unified Soil Classification System
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USEPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
UST underground storage tank
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V
Valley and Ridge Province a physiographic division of the Appalachian Mountain chain, the environmental location of the RFAAP Main Section and NRU, which is characterized by a series of long, narrow, flat-topped mountain ridges separated by valleys of varying widths
VDEQ Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
VDWM Virginia Department of Waste Management
VHWMR Virginia Hazardous Waste Management Regulations
VI Verification Investigation
VOC volatile organic compound
VPDES Virginia Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
vug a small cavity in a rock or vein, often lined with crystals
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W
Waste Oil Underground Storage Tanks (South of Oleum Plant) SWMU 76
Waste Propellant Burning Ground SWMU 13
Wastewater Ponds From Propellant Incinerator SWMU 39
Wheeling Sandy Loam one of four major soil types occurring in all the areas of concern of the Main Section of RFAAP, it constitutes about 25 percent of the upland regions of the Horseshoe Area at RFAAP
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X
XRF X-ray fluorescence spectrometry

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